Sunday, 19 July 2015

6. Papilio paris paris (The Paris Peacock)

Number: 6
Family: Papilioniidae
Sub-Family: Papilioniinae
Species: Papilio paris paris Linnaeus, 1758
Common name(s): The Paris Peacock
Photography location: Ba Vi (Hanoi)

Papilio is a huge genus comprising 210 species worldwide, of which about 60 in the Oriental region.
21 Papilio species are currently known from Vietnam (Monastyrskii & Devyatkin, 2016). Below I tentatively classified them into different categories according to their range: 

-Endemic/restricted range species (E. Himalayas, S. China, N. Indochina): castor, doddsi, noblei, bootes, arcturus, krishna (generally scarce species in Vietnam)
-Mainland South-East Asia: alcmenor, bianor, protenor, demolion, mahadeva, prexaspes (scarce to rather common species)
-Entire Indo-Malayan region: nephelus, paris (common and widespread throughout the country - broad habitat tolerance)
-Indo-Malayan and Australasian regions: demoleus (common and widespread throughout the country - broad habitat tolerance)
-Indo-Malayan and Sino-japanese regions: helenus, memnon, polytes (common and widespread throughout the country - broad habitat tolerance)
-Palearctic/Sino-japanese regions extending into Indo-Malayan region: xuthus, machaon, elwesi (recorded in some areas at the extreme north of the country - Lao Cai, Ha Giang, Cao Bang...) 

Papilio paris belongs to the subgenus Achillides ("Gloss Papilios"). The other representants of this subgenus known in Vietnam are P. doddsi, P. arcturus arcturus, P. krishna charlesi & P. bianor gladiator. 

Papilio paris is seasonally common in many forest types throughout Vietnam at all elevations, but is not normally seen outside forested areas. It has several generations per year, and can usually be seen all year round in lowland forests.

Papilio paris feeding on Lantana camara flowers

Male sitting with forewings lying flat, swept back over the hindwings obscuring the bright turquoise hindwing patches

Mud-puddling male showing the turquoise hindwing patches 

Close-up on Up hindwings color pattern

No comments:

Post a Comment