Wednesday, 7 October 2015

144. Papilio protenor euprotenor (The Spangle)

Number: 144
Family: Papilioniidae
Sub-Family: Papilioniinae
Species:  Papilio protenor euprotenor Fruhstorfer,1908
Common name(s): The Spangle 
Photography location: Cuc Phuong N.P. (Ninh Binh Prov.)

Upperside: velvety indigo-blue black, duller on the forewing than on the hindwing.
Tornal angle marked with red.

Spangles mudpuddling with Yellow Helen (Papilio nephelus chaon) - Cuc Phuong, July 2016

Congregation of mud-puddling Papilio species (P. protenor (1 in flight), P. polytes, P. nephelus) + 1 Prioneris thestylis 

 Papilio protenor nectaring on Lantana flowers (Ba Vi foothills, December 2016)

Papilio protenor (at bottom) and Papilio memnon (Great Mormon).
These two species show very similar uppersides

Underside of P. protenor (at bottom) and P. memnon - the differences are obvious.
P. protenor lacks any red marks at the base of both wings, unlike memnon (and also alcmenor), and the HW has a series of submarginal red lunules from space 1a to space 7 which are somewhat variable in size

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