Thursday, 5 May 2016

169. Parantica aglea melanoides (The Glassy Tiger)

Number: 169
Family: Nymphaliidae
Sub-Family: Danaiinae
Species: Parantica aglea melanoides (Moore, 1883)
Common name(s): The Glassy Tiger
Photography location: Tam Dao foothills (Vinh Phuc Prov.)

The genus Parantica comprises 42 species, of which 6 are known to occur in Vietnam viz. aglea, agleoides, aspasia, melaneus, swinhoei, sita. 
P. aglea is one of the commonest and most widespread member of the genus, occuring from India and Sri Lanka through the Southeast Asia mainland to Indochina, S. China and Taiwan. 
P. aglea is common throughout the country from lowland to mountain habitats.

Parantica aglea melanoides sipping nectar from Bidens flower (Tam Dao, May 2016)

Another individual on Crassocephalum rubens (Lai Chau, January 2016)

The male fluttering over the female during courtship (Tam Dao, May 2016)

Male Danaids have hair pencils near the end of the abdomen which, in nearly all species, are extruded from the abdominal cavity and pheromones are fanned towards the female. The pheromones serve as both aphrodisiacs and tranquilizers to females as well as repellents to conspecific males.

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